Mathematics is an integral part of the process of Architecture. In fact, for architects, application of Maths is quite unique when it concerns intrinsic concepts like ‘Golden Ratio’ and ‘parametric design’. Geometry, Algebra and Trigonometry play a critical role in architectural design. The ‘probability of issues’ is important to be considered while preparing a blueprint or an initial design sketch for any new construction. Even simple fundamentals like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and working with fractions fall under the purview of regular work in the realm of architecture. Therefore, a strong foundation in Mathematics is definitely the cornerstone for a flourishing career as an architect.

Historical reference

Since ancient times, Mathematics has been an integral part of Architecture. In 300 B.C. the famous Greek mathematician Euclid defined a mathematical law of nature called the ‘Golden Ratio’. Till date, architects employ this formula to design proportions and create architectural marvels. In fact, this concept has come to be known as the ‘Golden Constant’ nowadays since it is relevant at all times for any architect working across the globe.

Essential number-crunching

Let us enumerate some of the basic ways by which architects use Mathematics for their day-to-day work.

  • Conversion of units: Constantly dealing with areas and heights, conversion of units is one of the basic ways by which Mathematics play a key role in Architecture. Architects have to constantly convert length in centimetres to metres and metres to kilometres, as well as calculate areas by converting from inches to feet and square feet to acres.
  • Scaling: A key element of architectural design is scaling of any project, a graphical representation of real-time distance and height. Calculating a drawing’s measurements to scale requires sound knowledge of different units as well as cross-multiplication.
  • Working with ‘proportions’: Proportions refer to ratios between numbers which require in-depth knowledge of Mathematical concepts. We all know how accurate proportions hold the key to the success of any architectural project.
  • Composing ‘Bill of Quantities’: In architectural terminology, a ‘Bill of Quantity’ refers to a complete list of all the components of a building, such as the final number of bricks, total quantity of aluminium frames, amount of paint needed, etc. Mathematics is involved here to calculate perimeters, areas and volumes and matching them to consequent pricing.
  • Creation of Parametric Designs: ‘Parametric design’ is a novel concept that has attained immense popularity in the profession today. The concept entails a method that uses algorithms along with a set of parameters to create unique geometrical forms. All the architectural parts of a structure are represented by mathematically-defined components that can be modified through formulas and equations.

Building a better tomorrow

Since its inception in 2010, the NAAC-accredited and MAKAUT-affiliated OmDayal Group of Institutions has emerged as one of the leading architecture colleges in West Bengal. The full-time B.Arch course offered by us, completely at par with global standards, has been generating top-notch architects since its introduction in the year 2012. The course aims to take the education of architecture beyond the realms of buildings and propel it into developing a sustainable future. Our students are trained to question the pre-supposed and seek novel and contemporary solutions in line with the modern tenets of architecture.

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